The old Fortress of Villasimius
is set on a headland not far from Capo Carbonara,
west the wide Gulf of Cagliari.
It is a complex structure whose
first nucleus probably dates back the XIV century.
This hypothesis has been possible after the study
of the wall structure and by analysing the historical
events that characterised that period.
It is necessary to remember that
Villasimius, in those times Carbonara, passes from
Nino Visconti into the hands of the Aragon kings that
gave the property to the Carroz’s
as a feud, whose members had a large part in the conquest
of the island and in driving the Pisans out of the
territories of the “Giudicato di Cagliari”,
whose Carbonara was part of it.
The Fortress was built in a period
of change, of great transformations and witnesses
the necessity of this lands to protect themselves.
At the end of the XVI century, there was the intervention
of Spain linked to the great project of Philip II
who provided the coastal defences with a system of
connected towers which had to resist to the uncontrollable
landing of the Turkish-Barbaresque.